Slave Revolt at Cape Castle 1721

On board slave revolt 1721
Captain:  Wilson
Place:  Cape Coast Castle
Letter

Letter from Messrs. Phipps, Dodson & Boye, dated Cape Coast Castle, September 30, 1721

There was severall goods on board a Cape Coast Sloop being the remains of the trading Cargo at Annamaboe many whereof are stole by the Natives, & others have rec. damage by the Salt Water as well as the Corn [illegible] Rice put on board, being Ninety Two chests; Ten of the Slaves have been taken up by the Towns people which we are afraid will be all that is to be expected of the Seventeen; the others missing have had time enough to make their escape to some distant parts, if not otherwise mett with by those who think it their Interest to conceal them; It would be a very unaccountable history, that Thirteen men & four boys Slaves should attempt to rise upon Seven White Men, was it not that it seems they were all out of Irons by ye Master’s [Capt. Wilson’s] orders.

PRO, T 70, 4, p.22


Letter dated Cape Corso Castle, September 30, 1721

Cape Coast Sloop Cat’n Willson with Mr. Dagley at anamaboe.

Cape Coast Sloop Sent to Winnebah? & being dispatch’d back with a Cargo of Gold, slaves and Corn.  On the 6th Sept. the Capt’n being a’Shore the Slaves rose, kill’d one Man and a Boy, and run the Sloop ashore and escaped.  The [illegible] of Gold found entire in the Cabin.  Ten of the Slaves retaken.  The Slaves were out of Irons b Willsons Order.  Who was very much to blame, & not deserving any future trust.  Hope to get the Sloop afloat again.

PRO, T 70, 7, p. 30 in “Abstract of Letters Received by the Royal African company of England from the Coast of Africa, No 3, from January the 12th, 1719 to August the 26th, 1732.”

Note:  In the following letter from Messrs.  Phipps, Dodson, and Boy dated Cape Coast Castle, October 28, 1721; we learn that the ship has been repaired and is afloat again and that Captain Wilson has been removed from command (p.32).